Spanish Health System Overview
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Health System Outcomes
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Costs for Consumers
Health System Expenditures
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Population, Mid-Year 2019: 46,737,000
Projected Population Mid-Year 2030: 46,230,000
Percentage of Population Under Age 25 Years, Mid-Year 2019: 24%
Percentage of Population 65 Years Or Over, Mid-Year 2019: 20%
Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2019). World Population Prospects 2019: Data Booklet (ST/ESA/SER.A/424).
Percent of Adults Aged 65 and Over Receiving Long-Term Care (2017): 9.8%
Percent of Adults Aged 65 Years and Over Reporting To Be In Fair, Bad, or Very Bad Health (2017): 56.8%
People With Dementia Per 1,000 Population (2019): 20.2%
Projected Number of People With Dementia Per 1,000 Population in 2050: 41.8%
Long-Term Care Workers Per 100 People Aged 65 And Over (2016): 4.5
Long-Term Care Beds In Institutions and Hospitals Per 1,000 Population Aged 65 And Over (2017): 46.8
Long-Term Care Expenditure (Health and Social Components) By Government and Compulsory Insurance Schemes, as a Share of GDP (%) (2017): 0.7%
Source: OECD (2019), Health at a Glance 2019: OECD Indicators, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/4dd50c09-en.
“In 2015, Spain had a population of more than 46 million people, of whom 18.6% were age 65 or older (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, 2016a). In 2050, that percentage will reach 35.3% (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, 2016b). The aging of the Spanish population presents a number of public policy challenges, including the formidable task of managing the healthcare and social needs of an increasingly larger older population in the context of a publicly-funded health system and difficult economic times (Mato, 2014; Serrano, Latorre, & Gatz, 2014).”
Source: Angel Rodriguez-Laso, PhD, MD, MSc, Sara J McLaughlin, PhD, Elena Urdaneta, PhD, Javier Yanguas, PhD, Defining and Estimating Healthy Aging in Spain: A Cross-sectional Study, The Gerontologist, Volume 58, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages 388–398, https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnw266
Health Systems Facts is a project of the Real Reporting Foundation. We provide reliable statistics and other data from authoritative sources regarding health systems in the US and several other nations.
Page last updated Nov. 21, 2021 by Doug McVay, Editor.