Mixed Model Nations Include:
“In the Mixed model, private funding from voluntary insurance schemes or upfront payments is significant. This model is also referred as the Private Health Insurance System. European countries that have adopted this system are Austria, Bulgaria, Greece and Croatia [5, 6].”
Gaeta, M et al. “An overview of different health indicators used in the European Health Systems.” Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene vol. 58,2 (2017): E114-E120. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5584080/
Fact Items Related To The “Mixed” Beveridge-Bismarck Model
- Austrian Health System Financing “The Austrian health system is relatively costly. Around US$5 138 was spent on health per capita in 2015 (adjusted for differences in purchasing power), about US$1 800 more than the EU average. Health expenditure in Austria is also high relative to GDP (10.2% of GDP in 2015), which is considerably above the EU average (8.7%). ...