Population, Mid-Year 2019: 8,955,000
Population Density (Population Per Square Kilometer), Mid-Year 2019: 109
Projected Population Mid-Year 2030: 9,176,000
Percentage of Population Under Age 25 Years, Mid-Year 2019: 25%
Percentage of Population 65 Years Or Over, Mid-Year 2019: 19%
Annual Population Growth Rate 2000-2020: 0.5%
Projected Annual Population Growth Rate 2020-2030: 0.2%
Proportion of Urban Population, 2018: 59%
Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population 2000-2020: 0.4%
Projected Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population 2020-2030: 0.6%
Source: United Nations Children’s Fund, The State of the World’s Children 2021: On My Mind – Promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health, UNICEF, New York, October 2021.
“Austria is a landlocked country. It borders eight countries: the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Slovenia and Switzerland (see Figure 1.1). The country is shaped by the Alps: around 40% of its land mass (approximately 84 000 km²) is more than 1 000 m above sea level.
“In 2016, Austria’s population was approximately 8.7 million. Austria is relatively sparsely populated when compared to the EU average, with currently 106 inhabitants per square kilometre. Around one third of the population lives in rural areas and about 20% of the total population live in the capital Vienna. German is the official language, but specific rights are granted to recognized linguistic minorities. The majority (about 70%) of Austrians are Roman Catholic.
“Fertility rates remained quite stable between 1995 and 2016 (Table 1.1). Since 1980, the annual population growth rate has been increasing as birth rates and migration inflows surpass death rates. The growing inflow of immigrants (European and non-European) has resulted in the fifth highest share of foreign nationals in the population (12.5%) among EU countries (Eurostat, 2015). As of 2016, 22.1% of the population had a background of migration (at least one parent is foreign born) (Statistics Austria, 2017g).
“Interestingly, the female population surplus is declining – mostly because widows of men killed during the Second World War are dying. Similar to other western European countries, Austria’s population is ageing. While the share of under-15-year-olds has declined by more than 15% since 2000, the share of the population older than 65 years has increased by almost 24% in the same period. This results in an age dependency ratio of nearly 50% (Table 1.1), which is one of the highest among EU-28 countries.”
Source: Bachner F, Bobek J, Habimana K, Ladurner J, Lepuschütz L, Ostermann H, Rainer L, Schmidt A E, Zuba M, Quentin W, Winkelmann J. Austria: Health system review. Health Systems in Transition, 2018; 20(3): 1 – 256.
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Page last updated August 11, 2022 by Doug McVay, Editor.