Population (2021): 17,533,405
Gross National Income, Atlas method (Current US$) (Billions) (2021): $988.28
GNI per capita, Atlas method (Current US$) (2021): $56,370
Income Share Held by Lowest 20% (2019): 8.6%
Gross Domestic Product (Current US$) (Billions) (2021): $1,018.007
Source: World Bank. Country Profile: Netherlands. World Development Indicators. Last accessed Nov. 10, 2022.
Gross Domestic Product Per Capita (Current USD) (2010-2019): $52,295
Share of Household Income (2010-2019):
Bottom 40%: 22.7%; Top 20%: 37.2%; Bottom 20%: 8.9%
Gini Coefficient (2010-2019): 27.5
Palma Index of Income Inequality (2010-2019): 1.0
Source: United Nations Children’s Fund, The State of the World’s Children 2021: On My Mind – Promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health, UNICEF, New York, October 2021.
“With a world top 20 ranking of GDP, the Netherlands is a wealthy country. A location near the sea and a good logistic infrastructure that serves as the gateway to the German hinterland importantly contribute to the Netherlands’ top 10 position in export. Key drivers of the Dutch economy are financial and commercial services (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2009). Major industrial activity concerns intensive agriculture, food processing, chemicals and petroleum refinery and electronic machinery (European Commission, 2009).”
Source: Kroneman M, Boerma W, van den Berg M, Groenewegen P, de Jong J, van Ginneken E (2016). The Netherlands: health system review. Health Systems in Transition, 2016; 18(2):1–239.
“The most important sectors of the Netherlands’ economy in 2018 were public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (20.8%), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (20.6%) and Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities (15.4%).Intra-EU trade accounts for 74% of the Netherlands’ exports (Germany 24%, Belgium 11% and France 8%), while outside the EU 4% go to the United States and 2% to China.In terms of imports, 46% come from EU Member States (Germany 15% and Belgium 8%), while outside the EU 16% come from China and 7% from the United States.”
Source: EU Member Countries In Brief: Netherlands. European Union. Last accessed Nov. 14, 2020.
Health Systems Facts is a project of the Real Reporting Foundation. We provide reliable statistics and other data from authoritative sources regarding health systems in the US and sixteen other nations.
Page last updated Nov. 10, 2022 by Doug McVay, Editor.