Population, Mid-Year 2019: 83,517,000
Population Density (Population Per Square Kilometer), Mid-Year 2019: 240
Projected Population Mid-Year 2030: 83,136,000
Percentage of Population Under Age 25 Years, Mid-Year 2019: 24%
Percentage of Population 65 Years Or Over, Mid-Year 2019: 22%
Annual Population Growth Rate 2000-2018: 0.1%
Projected Annual Population Growth Rate 2018-2030: 0.0%
Proportion of Urban Population, 2018: 77%
Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population 2000-2018: 0.3%
Projected Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population 2018-2030: 0.2%
Source: UNICEF (2019). The State of the World’s Children 2019. Children, Food and Nutrition: Growing well in a changing world. UNICEF, New York.
“As of December 2011, Germany had some 81.8 million inhabitants, 41.7 million of whom were women and 40.1 million of whom were men.4
“The territory of the former German Democratic Republic in the eastern part of Germany accounts for 108 000 km2, or 30% of the country’s total area. Its 13 million residents (excluding Berlin) represent approximately 16% of the country’s total population. Population density in the eastern part of the country is lower than in the western part and also varies considerably between the different Länder, ranging from 71 inhabitants/km2 in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania to 3861 inhabitants/km2 in Berlin. Of the 20 cities in Germany with more than 300 000 inhabitants, only three (including Berlin) are in the east. Berlin is the country’s capital and, with 3.5 million residents, its largest city. Other densely populated areas are the Rhine-Ruhr region, with 11 million people, and the Rhine-Main region surrounding the city of Frankfurt, with 2.9 million residents (Statistisches Bundesamt, 2013g).
“Among the 7.2 million inhabitants without German citizenship (8.8% of total population; 6.4% on EU average) there are 25% Turks. Around 2.4 million residents (33%) are citizens of an EU Member State; another 1.2 million (17%) come from other parts of Europe and 1.4 million (20%) are non-European. The proportion of immigrants varies considerably between the Länder, ranging from 1.8% in Saxony-Anhalt to 14% in Berlin.
“In 2011, 30.1% of the population was Catholic, 30.2% Protestant, around 4.5% Muslim, 1.5% Orthodox, 0.5% New Apostolic, 0.2% Buddhist and 0.1% Jewish.
“Several trends in population age distribution have been observed in recent decades and are expected to become more pronounced in the future. In both the west and the east, the share of the population below 15 years of age, for example, decreased from 24.5% in 1970 to 13.8% in 2010. Between 1970 and 2011, the share of those 65 years of age or older increased from 13.9% to 20.7%. Finally, the share of population 80 years of age or older increased to 5.3% in 2011 and is expected to increase to 14% by 2060 (Table 1.1; Statistisches Bundesamt, 2013g).”
Source: Busse R, Blümel M. Germany: health system review. Health Systems in Transition, 2014, 16(2):1–296.
Health Systems Facts is a project of the Real Reporting Foundation. We provide reliable statistics and other data from authoritative sources regarding health systems in the US and several other nations.
Page last updated Nov. 15, 2020 by Doug McVay, Editor.