Czech Republic Health System Overview
Health System Rankings
Health System Outcomes
Health System Coverage
Costs for Consumers
Health System Expenditures
Health System Financing
Czech Republic COVID-19 Policy
Health System Personnel
Health System Physical Resources and Utilization
Health Information and Communications Technologies
People With Disabilities
Social Determinants & Health Equity
Health System History
Health System Challenges
Population, Midyear 2022: 10,493,986
Population Density (Number of Persons per Square Kilometer): 135.93
Life Expectancy at Birth, 2022: 78.13
Projected Population, Midyear 2030: 10,515,199
Percentage of Total Population Aged 65 and Older, Midyear 2022: 20.64%
Projected Percentage of Total Population Aged 65 and Older, Midyear 2030: 21.65%
Projected Percentage of Total Population Aged 65 and Older, Midyear 2050: 26.14%
Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2023). Data Portal, custom data acquired via website. United Nations: New York. Accessed 12 May 2023.
Total Population, 2020: 10,709,000
Annual Population Growth Rate, 2000-2020: 0.2%
Projected Annual Population Growth Rate, 2020-2030: 0.0%
Proportion of Urban Population, 2020: 74%
Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population 2000-2020: 0.2%
Projected Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population 2020-2030: 0.3%
Source: United Nations Children’s Fund, The State of the World’s Children 2021: On My Mind – Promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health, UNICEF, New York, October 2021.
“In 2012 the Czech Republic had a population of 10.51 million, of which 50.8% were female, and a population density of 136.1 per km2. In 2011, 94% of the population were ethnic Czechs or Moravians. Ethnic minorities include Slovaks and Roma, as well as Bulgarians, Croatians, Hungarians, Germans, Poles, Ruthenians, Russians, Greeks, Serbs, Ukrainians and Vietnamese (Czech Statistical Office, 2012b). In the 2011 census 10.4% of the inhabitants responded that they were Roman Catholic, approximately 1% identified themselves with one of the Protestant denominations and 41.3% stated that they were agnostic, atheist, non-believers or non-organized believers; the remaining share did not respond (Czech Statistical Office, 2013a).
“Following a slight decline between 1994 and 2002, the population of the Czech Republic has been growing since 2004. The rise can be attributed to immigration, which accounted for more than 96% of total population growth in 2012 (Czech Statistical Office, 2013b). Additionally, in 2006 birth rates exceeded mortality rates for the first time since 1993. This trend continued until 2012, with both parameters at the same level. Yet fertility rates remain lower than the EU28 average (1.58 in 2012) and well below the replacement rate of 2.1 per thousand population in industrialized countries (Espenshade et al., 2003) (see Table 1.1). Thus the Czech Republic continues to struggle with an overall ageing population despite recent increases in birth and fertility rates.”
Source: Alexa J, Rečka L, Votápková J, van Ginneken E, Spranger A, Wittenbecher F. Czech Republic: Health system review. Health Systems in Transition, 2015; 17(1):1–165.
Health Systems Facts is a project of the Real Reporting Foundation. We provide reliable statistics and other data from authoritative sources regarding health systems in the US and sixteen other nations.
Page last updated May 12, 2023 by Doug McVay, Editor.