Population (2018): 8,510,000
Gross National Income, Atlas method (Current USD) (Billions) (2018): $718.91
GNI per capita, Atlas method (Current USD) (2018): $84,430
Income Share Held by Lowest 20% (2018): 7.7%
Gross Domestic Product (Current USD) (Billions) (2018): $705.14
Source: World Bank. Country Profile: Switzerland. World Development Indicators. Last accessed Nov. 11, 2020.
Population, 2021: 8,691,000
Annual Population Growth Rate, 2020-2030 (%): 0.5
Life Expectancy at Birth, 2021: 84
Share of Urban Population, 2021: 74%
Annual Growth Rate of Urban Population, 2020-2030 (%): 0.7%
Neonatal Mortality Rate, 2021: 3
Infant Mortality Rate, 2021: 3
Under-5 Mortality Rate, 2021: 4
Maternal Mortality Ratio, 2020: 7
Gross Domestic Product Per Capita (Current USD) (2010-2019): $81,989
Share of Household Income (2010-2019):
Bottom 40%: 20%; Top 20%: 41%; Bottom 20%: 8%
Gini Coefficient (2010-2019): 31
Palma Index of Income Inequality (2010-2019): 1.2
Note: “Under-5 mortality rate – Probability of dying between birth and exactly 5 years of age, expressed per 1,000 live births.
“Infant mortality rate – Probability of dying between birth and exactly 1 year of age, expressed per 1,000 live births.
“Neonatal mortality rate – Probability of dying during the first 28 days of life, expressed per 1,000 live births.”
“Maternal mortality ratio – Number of deaths of women from pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births during the same time period (modelled estimates).”
Gini coefficient – Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
Palma index of income inequality – Palma index is defined as the ratio of the richest 10% of the population’s share of gross national income divided by the poorest 40%’s share.
Source: United Nations Children’s Fund, The State of the World’s Children 2023: For every child, vaccination, UNICEF Innocenti – Global Office of Research and Foresight, Florence, April 2023.
“Switzerland is an economically stable and prosperous country with a GDP per capita among the highest in Europe and the world. It has a highly developed service sector, led by financial services, and a manufacturing industry that specializes in high-technology, knowledge-based production. Switzerland has few natural or mineral resources (hydroelectric power being a notable exception). Principal products are machinery, precision instruments, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, watches, jewellery, textiles and foodstuffs.
“Since 2004, high exports, stable domestic consumption and a strong financial sector have contributed to stable economic growth. Only in 2009, GDP declined in the wake of the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, despite the importance of the financial sector, the Swiss economy recovered swiftly and, in 2010, GPD growth rates were already as high as 2.9% (see Table 1.3). Switzerland’s economy has continued to grow in recent years and its purchasing power parity (PPP) was around US$ 53 700 per capita in 2013. The total labour force in 2013 was about 4.7 million and the unemployment rate was at 4.4% (see Table 1.3), which is very low by international standards.”
Source: De Pietro C, Camenzind P, Sturny I, Crivelli L, Edwards-Garavoglia S, Spranger A, Wittenbecher F, Quentin W. Switzerland: Health system review. Health Systems in Transition, 2015; 17(4):1–288.
World Health Systems Facts is a project of the Real Reporting Foundation. We provide reliable statistics and other data from authoritative sources regarding health systems in the US and sixteen other nations.
Page last updated October 9, 2023 by Doug McVay, Editor.