“Hungary is a parliamentary republic with a head of government – the prime minister – who exercises executive power and a head of state – the president – whose primary responsibilities are representative. Hungary is divided into 19 counties, Budapest, and 23 cities with county-level authority.”
Source: European Commission. Hungary. European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Last accessed August 8, 2022.
“Hungary is a multiparty parliamentary democracy. The unicameral National Assembly (parliament) exercises legislative authority. It elects the president (the head of state) every five years. The president appoints a prime minister from the majority party or coalition in parliament following national elections every four years. In parliamentary elections in 2018, the Fidesz-Christian Democratic People’s Party alliance led by Fidesz party leader Viktor Orban won a two-thirds majority in parliament. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe election observation mission found that ‘fundamental rights and freedoms were respected overall but exercised in an adverse climate.’ Specifically, it characterized certain elements of the election as ‘at odds with the organization’s commitments’ and noted, ‘The widespread government information campaign was largely indistinguishable from Fidesz campaigning, giving it a clear advantage.’ Orban has been prime minister since 2010.”
Source: United States Department of State. 2021 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Hungary. Washington, DC: State Dept. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. Accessed August 8, 2022.
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Page last updated August 8, 2022 by Doug McVay, Editor.