Population (2018): 5,790,000
Gross National Income, Atlas method (Current USD) (Billions) (2018): $352.97
GNI per capita, Atlas method (Current USD) (2018): $60,920
Income Share Held by Lowest 20% (2018): 9.1%
Gross Domestic Product (Current USD) (Billions) (2018): $355.68
Source: World Bank. Country Profile: Denmark. World Development Indicators. Last accessed Oct. 8, 2020.
Gross Domestic Product Per Capita (Current USD) (2010-2018): $57,218.90
Share of Household Income (2010-2018):
Bottom 40%: 23.3%; Top 20%: 37.7%; Bottom 20%: 9.4%
Gini Coefficient (2010-2018): 28.2
Palma Index of Income Inequality (2010-2018): NA
Source: UNICEF (2019). The State of the World’s Children 2019. Children, Food and Nutrition: Growing well in a changing world. UNICEF, New York.
“Denmark can be described as a high-income economy. It is characterized by a relatively even distribution of income across the population (Table 1.2), although socioeconomic inequalities have been shown to be rising (Larsen et al., 2011). Until the 1950s, agriculture provided the biggest share of export and national income; since then, industry and services have dominated, with the latter growing the most rapidly. Except for oil, natural gas and fertile soil, the country is poor in natural resources. The general level of education of the population is fairly high, with 32% of the population between 25 and 64 years having attained tertiary education in 2007 (OECD, 2010). Unemployment decreased from the mid-1990s onwards, but has increased during the recent economic crisis. However, it is still relatively low compared with other European countries, except among some ethnic minority groups. The higher unemployment rate among ethnic minority groups may be changing, however, as more women, particularly from ethnic minority groups, are enrolling in tertiary education. The unemployment rate also varies considerably across different geographical areas, with some areas experiencing a significantly higher unemployment rate than the Denmark average. Denmark does not have an officially established poverty threshold, but this issue is currently being debated both politically and in the media.”
Source: Olejaz M, Juul Nielsen A, Rudkjøbing A, Okkels Birk H, Krasnik A, Hernández-Quevedo C. Denmark: Health system review. Health Systems in Transition, 2012, 14(2):1 – 192.
Health Systems Facts is a project of the Real Reporting Foundation. We provide reliable statistics and other data from authoritative sources regarding health systems in the US and several other nations.
Page last updated March 25, 2021 by Doug McVay, Editor.