Canadian Health System Overview
Health System Rankings
Health System Outcomes
Health System Coverage
Costs for Consumers
Health System Expenditures
Canada’s COVID-19 Policy
Health System Financing
Health System Physical Resources and Utilization
Population (2021): 38,246,108
Gross National Income, Atlas method (Current USD) (Billions) (2021): $1,847.814
GNI per capita, Atlas method (Current USD) (2021): $48,310
Income Share Held by Lowest 20% (2017): 7.1%
Gross Domestic Product (Current USD) (Billions) (2021): $1,990.762
Source: World Bank. Country Profile: Canada. World Development Indicators. Last accessed Oct. 19, 2022.
Gross Domestic Product Per Capita (Current USD) (2010-2019): $46,190
Share of Household Income (2010-2019):
Bottom 40%: 19.5%; Top 20%: 40.6%; Bottom 20%: 7.1%
Gini Coefficient (2010-2019): 30.3
Palma Index of Income Inequality (2010-2019): 1.1
Source: United Nations Children’s Fund, The State of the World’s Children 2021: On My Mind – Promoting, protecting and caring for children’s mental health, UNICEF, New York, October 2021.
“Canada is an advanced industrial economy with a substantial natural resource base. Measured in terms of per capita wealth, the country ranks among the richest nations in the world. In terms of inequality as measured by the Gini coefficient in 2017, Canada (0.31) is more equal than the USA (0.39) and Australia (0.325) but less equal than France (0.292), Germany (0.289), the Netherlands (0.285), and Sweden (0.282) and its Nordic neighbours (OECD, 2020). On the overall human development index (HDI) for 2019 calculated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP, 2020), Canada (13) along with Germany (4), Australia (6), Sweden (8), the Netherlands (10), the USA (15), and the UK (15) were ranked in the top 15 countries in the world as measured by HDI.
“Canada suffered less than most western European nations and the USA from the global recession in 2008–2009, in part due to being a major exporter of oil and gas during this period. Over the period 2014 to 2017, Canada’s growth in gross domestic product (GDP) per capita slightly exceeded growth in Australia and France but was lower than GDP per capita growth in Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, the UK and the USA (World Bank, 2018). While health care costs continue to grow at rates that exceed government revenue growth, the growth rate has slowed considerably in the last 5 years (see section 3.1).”
Source: Marchildon G.P., Allin S., Merkur S. Canada: Health system review. Health Systems in Transition, 2020; 22(3): i–194.
Health Systems Facts is a project of the Real Reporting Foundation. We provide reliable statistics and other data from authoritative sources regarding health systems in the US and sixteen other nations.
Page last updated Oct. 19, 2022 by Doug McVay, Editor.